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Stations on the Line

1、 Chiayi Railway Station
  From the viewpoint of the Alishan Forest Railway, Chiayi Railway Station is an interchange station linking the Alishan Forest Railway to the Taiwan Trunk Line.
Located at 30m in elevation, Chiayi Railway Station is the only "tri-railway co-construction" station: Taiwan Railway Administration (TRA), Taiwan Sugar Railways, and the Alishan Forest Railway. At platform 1, we can see rails of different gauges: TRA at 1,067mm and the Alishan Forest Railway at 762mm. At present, trains for Alishan stop at the north side of platform 1.
   
2、 Old Beimen Station
  The wooden Beimen Station is located on the right hand side in the uphill direction of the Alishan Forest Railway. It was a typical Japanese-styled structure made of Alishan Formosan cypress built around 1910-1912.There was a big fire on May 16, 1998, and fortunately, only 40% of the right side of the station was burned down. The Chiayi Forest District Office planned budget to restore it with the original material: Formosan cypress. The restoration was completed on November 7 in the same year. It was then damaged during the Chichi Quake in 1999. After the second restoration, it became what we see today.
   
3、 Lumachan Station
  Also called Luman, Lumachan with a double crossover in the station is located at 10.8km from Chiayi Station, 82m in elevation. It was a major station between Beimen and Jhuci stations. The local village was crowded and business activities thrived. However, the situation changed after Alishan Highway was opened, and railway services stopped in November 1982. The surviving wooden station was unattended and abandoned for years, and the appearance was old and shabby. As railway culture revived and tourism in the area arose after the 2000s, the importance of this old station was gradually recognized. When the understanding and support of local citizens, it was restored in December 2004 to recover its past charm. The station master quarter of Lumachan Station was restored in April 2006.
   
4、 Jhuci Station
  Located at 14.2km from Chiayi Station and 127m in elevation, Jhuci was called "Zhutouqi". Built in 1910 and renovated in 1952 into what we see today, the station in a strong Japanese style is the last flatland station and the start of the uphill section of Alishan Railway Station. In a time when stream trains ruled, it was necessary to refill water and coal and change the 18m.t. flatland type locomotive to the 28m.t. mountain type locomotive to facilitate going uphill. "The double crossover" is the special feature of Jhuci Statin. When service began in 1912, as Erwanping and Jhuci stations were respectively the destination and departure station of the uphill section, a double crossover was needed to help the locomotive turn around.
5、 Mululiao Station
  Also known as Mulyuliao, Mululiao Station is located at 18.9km from Chiayi Station and 324m in elevation. Although it is only 4.7km away from Jhuci Station by train, it needs to clime 200m, and the station front slope grade is 50‰. In 1981, it was downgraded to an half (unattended) station, and the original wooden station building was demolished.
6、 Jhangnaoliao Station
  Jhangnaoliao Station is located at 23.3km from Chiayi Station, 543m in elevation. Jhangnaoliao was the center of camphor export in Taiwan in the Japanese colonial period. Today, only a row of camphor trees standing next to the railway survives for visitors to recall the prosperity of camphor trade in the past. Jhangnaoliao Station is a switchback station where trains must run reversely from the left track to approach the station. Therefore, there is a railway zigzag in the station. Currently, there are two switchback stations on the Alishan Forest Railway: Jhangnaoliao and Pingjhena stations, they are also the last switchback stations in Taiwan. As the train climbs upwards vertically in the same location after departure, known as a spiral route, it is the ideal section for appreciating how the train circulates Mt. Duli three rounds. From the left window, passengers can see Jhangnaoliao Station twice, while it is only once from the right window.
7、 Dulishan Station
  Dulishan Station is located at 27.4km from Chiayi Station and 743m in elevation. After the train departs from Jhangnaoliao Station, it climbs up Mt. Duli along the spiral route where there are eight tunnels. From the sightseeing platform outside tunnel 5, passengers can see Jhangnaoliao Station at the mountain foot in southwest. The first round ends and the second round begins as the train enters tunnel 6. After coming out of tunnel 8, passengers can see Jhangnaoliao Station again at the mountain foot. The second round ends at tunnel 9 and the train arrives at Dulishan Station. Therefore, the station is located between tunnels, caves 9 and 10. Currently, the "water crane" for refilling water in the steam locomotive in the past is preserved at the station. On the cliff, there are paintings of Mt. Duli by children made in 1997, and the cliff is a popular attraction.
8、 Liyuanliao Station
  Liyuanliao Station is located at 31.4km from Chiayi Station and it is 905m in elevation. Although pears may have been grown there, Taiwan giant bamboo is the major crop in this area. Dried bamboo shoots made with local bamboo shoots and wild bamboo shoots are exported to Japan. After 1985, the station became an half (unattended) station.
9、 Jiaoliping Station
  Leaving Liyuanliao Station, the train enters the warm-temperate forest over 800m in elevation. In this zone, moso bamboo is seen everywhere and tea farms spread across the slope. The section between Liyuanliao Station and Jiaoliping Station is the only uphill section without any tunnel. At mileage 33K point, you can see bridges from different epochs: cement and steel bridges. Located at 997m in elevation and 34.9km from Chiayi Station, Jiaoliping Station is the midpoint of the Alishan Forest Railway. In the past, the Alishan Express going uphill and downhill must meet at this station at 15:13. Many tour groups stopped by and took photos. This is the only operating small station in addition to Beimen, Jhuci, Fenqihu, and Erwanping stations and the pass to Ruili Scenic Area. There are three to four old grocery stores near the station.
10、 Shueisheliao Station
  There are eight tunnels between Jiaoliping Station and Shueisheliao Station. It is with the most tunnels between two stations on the Alishan Forest Railway.
When the train passes through tunnels 16-19, it circulates Mr. Dubi of the Sitianwang Mountains in an inverted U shape. As it passes through tunnels 20-23, it bypasses peaks 2-4.
Located at 1,186m in elevation, Shuilsheliao Station is a small station under Mt. Dubi and the Sitianwang Mountains. The most interesting thing about this station is that the track in the station is in an omega (Ω) shape. That is, the train takes an Ω-turn when it enters and leaves the station. Erwangping Station is another station with two Ω-shaped track on the Alishan Forest Railway. Although the station was already a half (unattended) station in the 1990s, as there are bat's caves nearby, the abandoned station was remodeled into a bat education center. Shueisheliao is Taiwan's first railway station combining with bat ecology education.
11、 Fenqihu Station
  Located at 1,403m in elevation and 5.3km from Shueisheliao Station, Fenqihu Station has the second longest interstation distance on the Alishan Forest Railway. As one of the major station on the forest railway, it was called Benjihu as it is a triangular basin sitting at the foot of Mt. Guanglun surrounded by mountains on three sides, looking like a dustpan. Although its Chinese name "hu" (basin) literally means a lake, there is no water in the area. Later on people renamed it "Fenqihu" by changing the initial (consonant) of each Chinese character.

Old street, boxed meals, and square bamboo were the local features. Today, more delicate local specialties have been developed. In earlier years, uphill and downhill trains arrived at this station during lunch time, and passengers were hungry and needed food. This is the reason why Fencihu boxed meals are so famous. Fenqihu Station was a wooden structure located at the entrance of the right side of Fenchihu Old Street.

After the opening of the new station, the old station became the Fenqihu Supervision Area. It was renovated in 2004. The original structure was demolished. The wooden structure we see today was rebuilt based on the original one.
12、 Duolin Station
  Duolin was called Doroin, a small tribe of the Tsou settling at the foot of Mt. Dadong. It is 50.9km from Chiayi Station and 1,516m in elevation. The station is a big right turn where Mt. Dadong is at the back. It became a half (unattended) station in 1985.
13、 Shitzulu Station
  Located 55.3km from Chiayi Station and 1,534m in elevation, Shitzulu Station sits on the ridge south of Mt. Shitzulu. It was the midway station on the historical trial traveling from the flatland to Alishan and the meeting point of Ranguu, Dabang, and Tefuye historical trials, the origin of its Chinese name: crossroads (Shizilu). The name fits the location better today because it is the nearest point between Alishan Highway and the Alishan Forest Railway. Getting off the train from the station, you can walk down the stairs on the right hand side to Alishan Highway.
14、 Pingjhena Station
  Pingjhena Station is the next station from Shitzulu Station. Located at 60.5km from Chiayi Station and 1,711m in elevation, Pingjhena Station is a switchback station and the start of the famous zigzag uphill railway. It is also the divide of the temperate forest and warm-temperate forest. Besides entering the cloud, the train begins to climb up the mountain along the zigzag railway, forward and then backward.
15、 Erwanping Station
  When the train arrives at Erwanping, it is just 2,000m in elevation. In Chinese, Erwangping means spacious. When the service of the Alishan Forest Railway began in 1912, Erwanping was the terminus of the line. In that time, there was a crossover in the station for the train to turn around and a locomotive garage. After the railway was extended to Zhaoping Station in 1914, the terminus function of Erwanping Station also disappeared.
Today, Erwanping is the home of Alishan Youth Activity Center. Trains still stop by on holidays and when there are extra trains. On the right hand side in the uphill direction, the magnificent cliff of Mt. Tashan is in sight, and many visitor are attracted to take photos here. At dust, the sunset view, glow, and sea cloud are famous wonders of Mt. Tashan.
16、 Shenmu Station
  Shenmu Station was the third diverging rail of the Alishan Forest Railway. The place became famous because a 3,000-year-old Formosan cypress towered by the railway. Many visitors used to travel here to see the splendor and magnificence of the cypress known as the "sacred tree". Although it survived a thunder hit, it could not stand weathering and was about to collapse. The Forestry Bureau thus felled it on July 1, 1997. Today, only part of its remnant be saw on-site.
17、 Alishan Station
  The Alishan Station today is the terminus of the Alishan Forest Railway and the start of Alishan, Chushan, Mianyue, and Shenmu branch lines. The station was the fourth diverging rail of the Alishan Forest Railway. As visitors increased exponentially in the 1970s and there was not enough space in Zhaoping, the authority began renovate the station in August 1977 to align with the expansion project of Alishan Forest Recreational Area. The station was opened for service on January 11, 1981. To distinguish it from the still operating old Zhaoping Station, they called it "Alishan New Station". The new station was shut down after it became a dangerous structure after the Chichi Quake in 1999, and Zhaoping Station became the railway's terminus again. To reduce the load of Zhaoping Station, the Forestry Bureau built a temporary station next to the Alishan Garage after 2003 and constructed a new station on the original site of Alishan Station. In September 2007, the new Alishan Station was completed and opened for service.
18、 Zhaoping Station
  As the former Alishan Station and the terminus of the Alishan Forest Railway, Zhaoping Station was built in 1914 and opened for service on March 14. The station was burned down by a fire and reconstructed. The new station we see today was opened on April 21, 2013.
The station's reconstruction was designed by architect Igarashi personally. It was a two-story mixed structure: RC for the first floor and elevated wooden structure for the second floor. The entire structure was bonded by joggle joints without using any nails. This specific Japanese wooden structure technique demonstrates the advantage of wood as a construction material and pushes wooden structure technology beyond the skyline to present the ancient Japanese railway style.
In addition to the transportation function of railway stations, Zhaoping Station also combines cultural and creative functions: art performance and indigenous shops for passengers to enjoy railway, art, and culture at the same time. Green building functions were also injected to this new station, such as water recycling and natural lighting. By combining the station with Zhaoping Park and nearby landforms, its openness and accessibility are manifested. The station design won the 2006 Best Design Award in the structure design category organized by Architectural Institute of Japan in September 2006.
19、 Chushan Station
  Chushan Line of the Alishan Forest Railway was opened on January 13, 1986. As the terminus of the line, Chushan Station is located at 2,451m in elevation. In fact, it is the ideal spot for watching sunrise in Alishan Forest Recreational Area. In 1984, the Forest Bureau built Chushan Line to transport passengers to Chushan to watch sunrise. With a total of 6.25km long wriggling uphill at an elevation of over 2,000m, it is the first mountain railway ever built by Taiwan. Along the railway clouds are hung, splendid and magnificent, gorgeous and fantastic. Chushan Station, the terminus of the line located at 2,451m in elevation, is the highest railway station in Taiwan.
   
  Source: Su, Z. X. (2012). 100 Years Anniversary of the Alishan Forest Railway: Legend of the Alishan Forest Railway through Hundred Years. Taipei: Forestry Bureau, Council of Agriculture.